Succulents and Cacti do not like water.
If you are an obsessive water-er with your plants succulents and cacti may not be for you.
Keep that in mind when growing these because over watering is all to common and is usually the cause of death of many.
Now to start off you are going to need a soil that has excellent drainage.
You can purchase cacti soil mix at your local plant store however I find it cheaper to make your own.
To make your own you can make it 2 different ways.
The first way involves a 1:1:1 ratio of peat, vermiculite, and potting sand. Now vermiculite is not always that cheap but isn’t really that expensive. However if you cannot find vermiculite you can substitute it in the second soil mixture for pea gravel.
Do not use the full 1:1:1 ratio with the gravel though. Use more like a 2:2:1 with the gravel as the one.
Now that you have your soil you are going to need proper growing conditions.
Although cacti and succulents can be somewhat cold hardy, that doesn’t mean you don’t have to be careful about the temperature.
They favor dry, hot climates with a temperature around 80-90 F for the day. At night this temperature can drop but I would recommend it going no lower that 65 F.
Most cacti and succulents prefer full sun.
Try to get it as much sunlight as possible but if you are using artificial light, don’t fry it.
Succulents and cacti are mostly water inside and if they get to hot then the water retains that heat and the temperature will keep building up.
With artificial light I would recommend 3 ft away at least with HPS or MH lights.However get the plant as close as possible without touching the plant to the light bulb when using fluorescent lighting.
Watering patterns are essential and the most important part in succulent and cacti care.
At MOST your succulent and cacti should be watered once a month. when watering I suggest using small streams of water.
Even when you water it once a month, the amount of water you use should be held to a minimum.
You only want the water to touch some of the roots, not saturate the whole pot.
I hope this helped those in need of information on how to properly tend to a succulent or cacti.
Remember, if your succulent or cacti is looking sickly or limp you are probably over watering it.
But if it does start to look that way and you haven’t watered it in over a month, give it some water because it can go both ways.